Rui Namorado Rosa
C 2017;3:11

Organic chemistry

Fossil fuels depletion and increasing environmental impacts arising from their use call for seeking growing supplies from renewable and nuclear primary energy sources. However, it is necessary to simultaneously attend to both the electrical power needs and the specificities of the transport and industrial sector requirements. A major question posed by the shift away from traditional fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources lies in matching the power demand with the daily and seasonal oscillation and the intermittency of these natural energy fluxes. Huge energy storage requirements become necessary or otherwise the decline of the power factor of both the renewable and conventional generation would mean loss of resources. On the other hand, liquid and gaseous fuels, for which there is vast storage and distribution capacity available, appear essential to supply the transport sector for a very long time ahead, besides their domestic and industrial roles. Within this context, the present assessment suggests that proven technologies and sound tested principles are available to develop an integrated energy system, relying on synthetic fuels. These would incorporate carbon capture and utilization in a closed carbon cycle, progressively relying mostly on solar and/or nuclear primary sources, providing both electric power and gaseous/liquid hydrocarbon fuels, having ample storage capacity, and able to timely satisfy all forms of energy demand. The principles and means are already available to develop a carbon-neutral synthetic fuel economy.

0th degree connections


The “keep in the ground future” of Arctic fossil fuel resources
Arktika i Sever 2016 (https://doi.org/10.17238/issn2221-2698.2016.25.5)
It is extremely important to understand which role Arctic fossil fuel resources will play in the development and geopolitics of the Arctic region. The article analyses the recent trends in the world energy supply with special focus on renewable energ...

4th degree connections


Unintended possible consequences of fuel input taxes for individual investments in greenhouse gas mitigation technologies and the resulting emissions
South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences 2017 (https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v20i1.1472)
Background: South Africa is planning to introduce a carbon tax as a Pigouvian measure for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, one of the tax bases designed as a fuel input tax. In this form, it is supposed to incentivise users to reduce and/or...

0th degree connections


The Government’s Policy in the Field of Hard Coal Mining Restructuration as an Element of Poland’s Energy Security
Polish Political Science Yearbook 2017 (https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017215)
Coal is the primary energy source affecting Poland’s energy security. It is because deposits of this raw material are available in Poland. Unlike natural gas or oil reserves, which are limited in the country. The high cost of extracting Polish coal i...

1st degree connections


Learning sustainability by developing a solar dryer for microalgae retrieval
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Excessive fossil fuel consumption is driving the search for alternative energy production solutions and, in particular, for sustainable sources of energy such as microalgae, from which biodiesel, among other useful compounds, can be obtained. After p...

3rd degree connections


Spatial and temporal variability of urban fluxes of methane, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide above London, UK
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2016 (https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-10543-2016)
We report on more than 3 years of measurements of fluxes of methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) taken by eddy-covariance in central London, UK. Mean annual emissions of CO2 in the period 20...

1st degree connections


Role of in Biofuel Production
Microbiology Insights 2016 (https://doi.org/10.4137/MBI.S10878)
Increased energy consumption coupled with depleting petroleum reserves and increased greenhouse gas emissions have renewed our interest in generating fuels from renewable energy sources via microbial fermentation. Central to this problem is the choic...

1st degree connections


Copyrolysis of Biomass and Coal: A Review of Effects of Copyrolysis Parameters, Product Properties, and Synergistic Mechanisms
BioMed Research International 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6197867)
Concerns in the last few decades regarding the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the dependence on fossil fuels have resulted in calls for more renewable and alternative energy sources. This has led to recent interest in copyrolysis of bioma...

0th degree connections


Assessment against Experiments of Devolatilization and Char Burnout Models for the Simulation of an Aerodynamically Staged Swirled Low-NOx Pulverized Coal Burner
Energies 2017 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en10010066)
In the next few years, even though there will be a continuous growth of renewables and a loss of the share of fossil fuel, energy production will still be strongly dependent on fossil fuels. It is expected that coal will continue to play an important...

1st degree connections


Towards Optimal Power Management of Hybrid Electric Vehicles in Real-Time: A Review on Methods, Challenges, and State-Of-The-Art Solutions
Energies 2018 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030476)
In light of increasing alerts about limited energy sources and environment degradation, it has become essential to search for alternatives to thermal engine-based vehicles which are a major source of air pollution and fossil fuel depletion. Hybrid el...

1st degree connections


Synthesis and applications of carbon nanomaterials for energy generation and storage
Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2016 (https://doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.7.17)
The world is facing an energy crisis due to exponential population growth and limited availability of fossil fuels. Over the last 20 years, carbon, one of the most abundant materials found on earth, and its allotrope forms such as fullerenes, carbon ...

1st degree connections


Challenges and opportunities of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) technology development in Indonesia
MATEC Web of Conferences 2017 (https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201710102018)
Indonesian government has committed to realize the goals of sustainable development in the field of energy as stipulated in Government Regulation Number 79/2014 on national energy policy. A feasibility study of the utilization of alternative energy i...

3rd degree connections


DC-link Voltage Control to Compensate Voltage Deviation for PV–BESSs Integrated System in Low-Voltage (LV) Networks
MATEC Web of Conferences 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20165002001)
The exhaustion of fossil fuel and the greenhouse gas emission are one of the most significant energy and environmental issues, respectively. Photovoltaic (PV) generators and battery energy storage systems (BESSs) have been significantly increased for...

1st degree connections


Hydrogen as energy-storage-medium and fuel
Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1051/rees/2016033)
This contribution addresses the future energy situation with the expected reduction of fossil primary energy supply and increasing market segments by renewable energies within the next decades. The potential of renewable energies to cover the energy ...

1st degree connections


PENGARUH LAJU ALIR UDARA DAN WAKTU PROSES GASIFIKASI TERHADAP GAS PRODUCER LIMBAH TANGKAI DAUN TEMBAKAU MENGGUNAKAN GASIFIER TIPE DOWNDRAFT
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan 2016 (https://doi.org/10.15294/jbat.v5i2.6054)
The continued development of industry and agriculture along with unutilized of industrial and agricultural wastes properly, the waste will only be garbage which can be an interference to environment. Is required to have waste treatment technologies t...

1st degree connections


A strategic path for the goal of clean and low-carbon energy in China
Natural Gas Industry B 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ngib.2016.12.006)
China has made remarkable achievements in its industrialization process, and its gross domestic product (GDP) has jumped up to the second place in the world. However, total energy consumption, total carbon emissions and annual emission growth have le...

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