Konstantin Löffler · Karlo Hainsch · Thorsten Burandt · Pao-Yu Oei · Claudia Kemfert · Christian von Hirschhausen
This paper develops a path for the global energy system up to 2050, presenting a new application of the open-source energy modeling system (OSeMOSYS) to the community. It allows quite disaggregate energy and emission analysis: Global Energy System Model (GENeSYS-MOD) uses a system of linear equations of the energy system to search for lowest-cost solutions for a secure energy supply, given externally defined constraints, mainly in terms of CO2-emissions. The general algebraic modeling system (GAMS) version of OSeMOSYS is updated to the newest version and, in addition, extended and enhanced to include e.g., a modal split for transport, an improved trading system, and changes to storages. The model can be scaled from small-scale applications, e.g., a company, to cover the global energy system. The paper also includes an application of GENeSYS-MOD to analyze decarbonization scenarios at the global level, broken down into 10 regions. Its main focus is on interdependencies between traditionally segregated sectors: electricity, transportation, and heating; which are all included in the model. Model calculations suggests that in order to achieve the 1.5–2 °C target, a combination of renewable energy sources provides the lowest-cost solution, solar photovoltaic being the dominant source. Average costs of electricity generation in 2050 are about 4 €cents/kWh (excluding infrastructure and transportation costs).

3rd degree connections


Energy Sector of India: Past and Present
Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta 2017 (https://doi.org/10.24833/2071-8160-2017-2-53-109-130)
Strengthening the influence of India in the Asian region and in the world requires for resorting of the modernization experience of this country, including the development of its energy sector. India today is among the top ten countries to generate e...

1st degree connections


Energy efficiency and economic analysis of the thermomodernization of forest lodges in the Świętokrzyski National Park
EPJ Web of Conferences 2017 (https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201714302144)
This paper analyses energy efficiency of thermomodernization project on the example of three forest lodges located in the Świętokrzyski National Park. Currently, one of the basic requirements posed for the buildings subjected to modernization is to r...

1st degree connections


Data of cost-optimal solutions and retrofit design methods for school renovation in a warm climate
Data in Brief 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2016.11.004)
"Efficient Solutions and Cost-Optimal Analysis for Existing School Buildings" (Paolo Maria Congedo, Delia D’Agostino, Cristina Baglivo, Giuliano Tornese, Ilaria Zacà) [1] is the paper that refers to this article. It reports the data related to the es...

1st degree connections


Supporting Renewables’ Penetration in Remote Areas through the Transformation of Non-Powered Dams
Energies 2016 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en9121054)
Supplying power to remote areas may be a challenge, even for those communities already connected to the main grid. Power is often transmitted from long distances, under adverse weather conditions, and with aged equipment. As a rule, modernizing grid ...

Techno-Economic Evaluation of a Stand-Alone Power System Based on Solar Power/Batteries for Global System for Mobile Communications Base Stations
Energies 2017 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030392)
Energy consumption in cellular networks is receiving significant attention from academia and the industry due to its significant potential economic and ecological influence. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are the main pillars of sustainabilit...

A Novel Strategy for Optimising Decentralised Energy Exchange for Prosumers
Energies 2016 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en9070554)
The realization of the Smart Grid vision will change the way of producing and distributing electrical energy. It paves the road for end-users to become pro-active in the distribution system and, equipped with renewable energy generators such as a pho...

Resilient Prosumer Scenario in a Changing Regulatory Environment—The UniRCon Solution
Energies 2017 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en10121941)
Technological developments are pushing for new solutions based upon massive integration of renewable electricity generation in networks already facing many challenges. This paper presents a novel approach to managing the energy transfer towards prosu...

Evaluation of Excess Heat Utilization in District Heating Systems by Implementing Levelized Cost of Excess Heat
Energies 2018 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030575)
District heating plays a key role in achieving high primary energy savings and the reduction of the overall environmental impact of the energy sector. This was recently recognized by the European Commission, which emphasizes the importance of these s...

Control Scheme of a Concentration Photovoltaic Plant with a Hybrid Energy Storage System Connected to the Grid
Energies 2018 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020301)
In the last few decades, renewable energy sources (RESs) have been integrated into the electrical grid in order to curb the deficiency of energy owing to, among other factors, the depletion of fossil fuels and the increasing awareness of climate chan...

3rd degree connections


The Determination of Load Profiles and Power Consumptions of Home Appliances
Energies 2018 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030607)
In recent years, the increment of distributed electricity generation based on renewable energy sources and improvement of communication technologies have caused the development of next-generation power grids known as smart grids. The structures of sm...

1st degree connections


The right to the sun in the urban design
Vitruvio: International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability 2017 (https://doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2017.7459)
All the initiatives aimed at removing obstacles to the widespread use of renewable energy sources have costs for the Community. May they be economic, such as grants, reductions on taxation, discounts on concession or town planning charges, as prizes ...

3rd degree connections


Simplified Method of Optimal Sizing of a Renewable Energy Hybrid System for Schools
Sustainability 2016 (https://doi.org/10.3390/su8111134)
Schools are a suitable public building for renewable energy systems. Renewable energy hybrid systems (REHSs) have recently been introduced in schools following a new national regulation that mandates renewable energy utilization. An REHS combines the...

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A Control Strategy of DC Building Microgrid Connected to the Neighborhood and AC Power Network
Buildings 2017 (https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings7020042)
Recently, the use of DC microgrid distribution system has become more attractive than traditional AC systems due to their energy efficiency and ability to easily integrate with renewable energy sources and batteries. This paper proposes a 500 V DC mi...

4th degree connections


Energy Optimized Envelope for Cold Climate Indoor Agricultural Growing Center
Buildings 2017 (https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings7030059)
This paper presents a study of the development of building envelope design for improved energy performance of a controlled indoor agricultural growing center in a cold climate zone (Canada, 54° N). A parametric study is applied to analyze the effects...

1st degree connections


Investigating Theoretical PV Energy Generation Patterns with Their Relation to the Power Load Curve in Poland
International Journal of Photoenergy 2016 (https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/3789840)
Polish energy sector is (almost from its origin) dominated by fossil fuel feed power. This situation results from an abundance of relatively cheap coal (hard and lignite). Brown coal due to its nature is the cheapest energy source in Poland. However,...

Transformation of a University Lecture Hall in Valladolid (Spain) into a NZEB: LCA of a BIPV System Integrated in Its Façade
International Journal of Photoenergy 2017 (https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2478761)
The EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (Directive 2010/31/EU) poses a major challenge, as it promotes the transformation of existing buildings into nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEB). In this work, we present the case of study of a lecture...

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